Gastroscopy

Gastroscopy is one of the endoscopic examinations that enable the diagnosis of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily in its mucosa. Gastroscopy enables inspecting the upper section of the digestive tract.
What is gastroscopy?

What is gastroscopy?

Gastroscopy is an examination of the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) using a special device called a gastroscope. The gastroscope is a smooth, flexible tube with a diameter similar to that of a pen. Its tip includes a lens and a light source that enables seeing the inside of the digestive tract.

There are several ways to investigate the above sections of the digestive tract, but only gastroscopy allows a closer look directly at their anatomy and mucous membrane. During the examination, in the case of finding changed sites, it is possible to painlessly collect small mucosa (biopsy) samples for histopathological and microbiological examination.

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When a gastroscopy should be performed?

A gastroscopy may be indicated, among others, because of:

  • Suspected lesions of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum
  • Difficulty swallowing, heartburn (burning behind the sternum), pain in the epigastric fossa
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Anemia with unexplained basis

A gastroscopy is a commonly performed test. It is part of and at the same time an introduction to choosing the right therapy (pharmacological and/or operative) for numerous diseases of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract.

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When a gastroscopy should be performed?
How to get prepared for a gastroscopy?

How to get prepared for a gastroscopy?

You should refrain from eating for 8 hours and drinking for 4 hours before the gastroscopy examination.

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What is gastroscopy?

The patient is laid on the bed on the left side and the inside of the mouth and throat is sprayed with a local anesthetic. In the case of intravenous anesthesia (sedation), this step will be omitted, and instead, the patient will be given a catheter and drugs with an anesthetic and sedative effect.

The gastroscope is inserted directly into the throat, continuing into the esophagus, which is also examined, and finally reaches the stomach and finally the first part of the small intestine - the duodenum.

Insertion of the gastroscope into the stomach after local anesthesia may cause the patient discomfort and a sensation of inhibited breathing, but these can be managed by breathing deeply and calmly through the nose throughout the examination.

During the examination, the air is blown through the gastroscope to better visualize the wall of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, which may cause discomfort during the examination but does not cause pain or impede breathing. The tip of the gastroscope inside the stomach can be rotated in all directions, which allows you to inspect the walls of this organ very carefully.

If a site raises suspicions within the examined upper gastrointestinal tract, a microscopic piece (biopsy) of that area will be taken for laboratory testing, which is not painful.

When the examination is completed, the gastroscope is pulled out. The examination takes about 5-10 minutes and may cause temporary discomfort, but does not impede breathing. After the examination, you may experience distention and belching for a short time.

If a local anesthetic has been used, you should not eat or drink anything for two hours, but you may return to your daily activities immediately.

The description of the gastroscopy is issued to the patient after the end of the examination, if biopsies have been taken for histopathological examination, you will have to wait up to 3 weeks for their result.

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What is gastroscopy?

Price list

Gastroscopy in intravenous analgosedation with gastroenterological consultation after the examination (the price includes urease test towards Helicobacter pylori)
PLN 1250
Colonoscopy and gastroscopy in intravenous analgosedation with gastroenterological consultation after the examination
PLN 2000
Biopsy
PLN 100
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Gastroscopy consent
Gastroscopy consent
Gastroscopy is an examination during which, using a camera inserted through the mouth, enables the doctor observing the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, record the entire examination, and take samples for microscopic examination, if considered necessary.
Anaesthesiology questionnaire
Anaesthesiology questionnaire
An anesthesia questionnaire is a document necessary when determining the method of anesthesia and the qualification for its implementation. Correct and comprehensive completion of the questionnaire allows for a reliable assessment of the safety of the planned method of anesthesia and significantly reduces the chance of complications associated with it. If you have any doubts during the completion of the document, individual points can be discussed during the anesthesia interview.
Preparation for gastroscopy
Preparation for gastroscopy
Preparation for gastroscopy aims to ensure complete emptying of the stomach before the examination and to prevent possible complications related to food content remaining in the stomach before anesthesia. Gastroscopy performed without observing an appropriate interval from the last meal will not allow for a complete assessment of the gastric and duodenal mucosa and may expose the patient to complications.
Consent to short-term intravenous anesthesia
Consent to short-term intravenous anesthesia
Short-term intravenous anesthesia is a method of anesthesia used mainly during examinations and outpatient (one-day) procedures. It consists in putting the patient into a short-term sleep and eliminating the pain sensation with the help of drugs administered intravenously. After this type of anesthesia, the patient quickly regains consciousness and may leave the medical facility under the care of an adult within a few hours. A motor vehicle must not be driven for 24 hours after anesthesia.